In April , Emma Sulkowicz , an American fourth-year visual arts major at Columbia University in New York City, filed a complaint with Columbia University requesting expulsion of fellow fourth-year student and German national, Paul Nungesser, alleging he had raped Sulkowicz in Sulkowicz's dorm room on August 27, After Columbia declined to take action against Nungesser, Sulkowicz produced a work of performance art entitled Mattress Performance Carry That Weight as a senior thesis, which involved Sulkowicz carrying a pound dorm mattress on campus to represent the painful burden rape victims carry throughout daily life, and in protest of what Sulkowicz described as Columbia University's mishandling of the sexual assault complaint.
In April , Nungesser filed a Title IX gender discrimination lawsuit against Columbia, its board of trustees, its president Lee Bollinger , and Sulkowicz's supervising art professor Jon Kessler , alleging that Columbia had facilitated gender based harassment by allowing Sulkowicz to receive course credit for the performance.
Woods dismissed the lawsuit  but allowed Nungesser to refile an amended suit,  which was settled by Columbia in July In she began her undergraduate studies at Columbia University as a visual arts major. On April 18, , Sulkowicz reported to Columbia's Office of Gender-Based and Sexual Misconduct that, on the first day of their sophomore year on August 27, , in Sulkowicz's dorm room, she was raped by fellow student Nungesser.
Describing the alleged rape, Sulkowicz said that what began as a consensual sexual encounter in Sulkowicz's room turned non-consensual. Sulkowicz alleged that Nungesser choked her, slapped her face, held her wrists, and anally raped her, while Sulkowicz struggled and told him to stop.
He and Sulkowicz both corroborate that they had consensual sex twice before, earlier in the year, but not anal sex. Nungesser said that the encounter in August was also entirely consensual, and he denied the allegations of violence, stating that they briefly had consensual anal sex, followed by other sexual activity, after which they fell asleep, saying he left the room early in the morning while Sulkowicz was still sleeping.
Afterwards they communicated via Facebook messages. Nungesser later described these messages as "amiable" and showed transcripts of these messages to Cathy Young , a contributor for The Daily Beast who has been critical of campus sexual assault activism.
A university spokesperson said in February that its gender-based misconduct policy does not recommend informal resolution or mediation for such complaints. In response to criticisms regarding the delay in reporting, Sulkowicz said they initially didn't report the incident to avoid emotional trauma.
Three other complaints have been alleged against Nungesser: a second woman accused him of emotional abuse and nonconsensual sex during a months-long relationship, a third student accused him of non-consensually kissing her and touching her at a party, and a fourth accuser emerged in early , a fourth-year male student who said Nungesser sexually assaulted him after an emotional conversation.
The second accuser's investigation was discontinued after she said she was "exhausted by the barrage of questions" and stopped responding to emails from the University's Title IX coordinator for sexual assault investigations.
In early Sulkowicz discussed the incident with "Natalie", Nungesser's former girlfriend. Natalie alleged that there had been non-consensual sex and emotional abuse during her relationship with Nungesser, which lasted from October to spring Nungesser denies that charge and describes their time together as a couple as a "difficult relationship".
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If there is navy or another dark color available at a reasonable price, I will buy it! I took this dress on a 2 week trip to Sri Lanka, and it was exactly what I needed. The fabric is very cool and comfortable, and it feels like you're barely wearing anything.
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It fits fairly tight to the skin, and shows bumps and lumps easily. I have a few of the other Freezer dresses, such as the straight ones with the ties on the bottom sides. This dress is a different material than those - this is much more like workout pants or swimsuits, vs the other dress material which is more of a crisp nylon feel. Both are comfortable, but in my opinion the other fabric is a bit more versatile and dressy - this definitely looks like a swim dress.
Perfect for around the yard or beach, and flattering on. It says it is the cooling tech fabric, whereas the other is omnishield cooling and sun protection. Oddly, the sizing is different than the other Freezer styles as well.
I wear a small in the other styles maxi and straight side-tie but in this a medium fit perfectly. So if you own the other style, just beware that the sizing is not the same. Anyway, I wanted to outline the key differences in case anyone was comparing the two styles.
I do like them both, but they are decidedly different materials and looks. I amd 54 y. Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original on 26 August Oblivion: A Memoir. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 28 March Colombia and the United States: war, unrest, and destabilization.
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The M. To learn more about the Museum Anthropology program, click here. Adjunct Professor, Columbia University. The project was made possible with the generous support of the Columbia University Department of Anthropology and in-kind support by the American Museum of Natural History. First Name. The school was later renamed Michael Anderson Elementary. In October , both houses of Congress passed a resolution authored by U.
The facility is located at the former manufacturing site of the space shuttles, including Columbia and Challenger. The U. He was a graduate of the program. NASA named a supercomputer " Columbia " in the crew's honor in The first part of the system, built in , known as " Kalpana " was dedicated to Chawla, who worked at Ames prior to joining the Space Shuttle program. Navy compound at a major coalition military base in Afghanistan is named Camp McCool. The Challenger Columbia Stadium in League City, Texas is named in honor of the victims of both the Columbia disaster as well as the Challenger disaster in Columbia Colles, a range of hills on Pluto discovered by the New Horizons spacecraft in July , was named in honor of the victims of the disaster.
A photo tribute commemorating the Columbia and its crew is displayed in the "Wings of Fame" section of the queue for Soarin' Around the World at Disney California Adventure park alongside many other famous air and space craft. At the Daytona , which happened 2 weeks after the disaster, all racecars bore Columbia decals in honor of those who were lost.
Following the loss of Columbia , the space shuttle program was suspended. The station was supplied using Russian uncrewed Progress ships, and crews were exchanged using Russian-crewed Soyuz spacecraft , and forced to operate on a skeleton crew of two. Less than a year after the accident, President Bush announced the Vision for Space Exploration , calling for the space shuttle fleet to complete the ISS, with retirement by following the completion of the ISS, to be replaced by a newly developed Crew Exploration Vehicle for travel to the Moon and Mars.
Overall the STS flight was highly successful, but a similar piece of foam from a different portion of the tank was shed, although the debris did not strike the Orbiter. Due to this, NASA once again grounded the shuttles until the remaining problem was understood and a solution implemented. Kelly returned Discovery safely to Earth on August 9, Later that same month, the external tank construction site at Michoud was damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
The actual cause of the foam loss on both Columbia and Discovery was not determined until December , when x-ray photographs of another tank showed that thermal expansion and contraction during filling, not human error, caused cracks that led to foam loss. NASA's Hale formally apologized to the Michoud workers who had been blamed for the loss of Columbia for almost three years.
The second "Return to Flight" mission, STS , was launched on July 4, , at EDT , after two previous launch attempts were scrubbed because of lingering thunderstorms and high winds around the launch pad.
The launch took place despite objections from its chief engineer and safety head. This mission increased the ISS crew to three. While this did not delay the launch for the next mission— STS , originally set to lift off on August 27  —the weather and other technical glitches did, with a lightning strike, Hurricane Ernesto and a faulty fuel tank sensor combining to delay the launch until September 9.
On September 19, landing was delayed an extra day to examine Atlantis after objects were found floating near the shuttle in the same orbit. When no damage was detected, Atlantis landed successfully on September The Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Report released by NASA on December 30, , made further recommendations to improve a crew's survival chances on future space vehicles, such as the then planned Orion spacecraft.
These included improvements in crew restraints, finding ways to deal more effectively with catastrophic cabin depressurization, more "graceful degradation" of vehicles during a disaster so that crews will have a better chance at survival, and automated parachute systems.
The United States ended its Space Shuttle program in in part due to the fallout from the Columbia disaster. After the shuttle's breakup, there were some initial fears that terrorists might have been involved, but these concerns were shown to be baseless. The San Francisco Chronicle reported that an amateur astronomer had taken a five-second exposure that appeared to show "a purplish line near the shuttle", resembling lightning, during reentry.
In response to the disaster, FX canceled its scheduled airing two nights later of the film Armageddon , in which the Space Shuttle Atlantis is depicted as being destroyed by asteroid fragments. The album Bananas by Deep Purple includes "Contact Lost", an instrumental piece written by guitarist Steve Morse in remembrance of the loss.
Morse is donating his songwriting royalties to the families of the astronauts. Seven was premiered in by violinist Akiko Suwanai , conducted by Pierre Boulez , and it was recorded in with violinist Patricia Kopatchinskaja and the composer conducting. The Scottish Folk-Rock band Runrig included a song titled "Somewhere" on their album The Story ; the song was dedicated to Laurel Clark who had become a fan of the band during her Navy service in Scotland , and includes a piece of her wake up song, followed by some radio chatter, at the end.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. In-flight breakup of Space Shuttle 'Columbia'. Play media. United States portal Spaceflight portal. Archived PDF from the original on July 29, Retrieved June 26, Archived from the original on March 3, Retrieved March 31, Associated Press via staugustine.
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Free Press. Archived from the original PDF on May 16, Matlab For algorithm development, data visualization and analysis. SAS For data entry, management and warehousing, statistical and quality improvement analysis, and forecasting. Stata For data management, statistical analysis, simulations, regression, and custom programming.
Columbia University maintains a license agreement with Microsoft to distribute several Microsoft products and product upgrades to specific campus groups and organizations. There are two download paths:. Expand all Collapse all. Before installing new software CUIT recommends that you back up all of your important work prior to any new software downloads.Find Verizon Wireless at S James Campbell Blvd Columbia Tennessee