It was directed by Nigel Dick. The DVD also contains a storyboard version of the video with the storyboard playing over top the music video. The song was made available as downloadable content in the Rock Band series on October 7, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prospect Park Eleven Seven. April 25, Retrieved July 7, Swiss Hitparade. This feature each includes a rail to guide the tape to the spool and prevent an unclean roll from forming.
The competition responded by inserting additional deflector pins closer to the coils in the lower plastic case half. Some low-priced and pre-recorded compact cassettes were made without pulleys; the tape is pulled directly over the capstan drive. Cassette playback suffered from some flaws frustrating to both professionals and home recording enthusiasts. Tape speed could vary between devices, resulting in pitch that was too low or too high.
Speed often was calibrated at the factory, and could not be changed by users. The slow tape speed increased tape hiss and noise, and in practice delivered higher values of wow and flutter. Different tape formulation and noise reduction schemes artificially boosted or cut high frequencies and inadvertently elevated noise levels. Noise reduction also adds some artifacts to the sound, which a trained ear can hear sometimes quite easily. Wow and Flutter, however, can sometimes be added intentionally to recordings for aesthetic reasons.
See Lo-fi music. A common mechanical problem occurred when a worn-out or dirty player rotated the supply spool faster than the take-up spool or failed to release the heads from the tape upon ejection.
This would cause the magnetic tape to be fed out through the bottom of the cassette and become tangled in the mechanism of the player. In these cases the player was said to have "eaten" or "chewed" the tape, often destroying the playability of the cassette.
The first cassette machines e. Early machines required attaching an external dynamic microphone. Most units from the s onwards also incorporated built-in condenser microphones, which have extended high-frequency response, but may also pick up noises from the recorder's motor.
A portable recorder format still common today is a long box, the width of a cassette, with a speaker at the top, a cassette bay in the middle, and "piano key" controls at the bottom edge. Another format is only slightly larger than the cassette, known popularly as the "Walkman" a Sony trademark. The markings of "piano key" controls soon converged and became a de facto standard.
They are still emulated on many software control panels. These symbols are commonly a square for "stop", a vertically pointed triangle with a line under it for "eject", a right-pointing triangle for "play", double triangles for "fast-forward" and "rewind", a red dot for "record", and a vertically divided square two rectangles side-by-side for "pause". Stereo recorders eventually evolved into high fidelity and were known as cassette decks, after the reel-to-reel decks.
Hi-Fi cassette decks, in contrast to cassette recorders and cassette players, often didn't have built-in amplification or speakers. Many formats of cassette players and recorders have evolved over the years. Initially all were top loading, usually with cassette on one side, and VU meters and recording level controls on the other side.
Older models used combinations of levers and sliding buttons for control. A major innovation was the front-loading arrangement. Pioneer 's angled cassette bay and the exposed bays of some Sansui models eventually were standardized as a front-loading door into which a cassette would be loaded. Later models would adopt electronic buttons, and replace conventional meters which could be "pegged" when overloaded [ clarification needed ] with electronic LED or vacuum fluorescent displays , with level controls typically being controlled by either rotary controls or side-by-side sliders.
Unlike typical cassette decks that use a single head for both record and playback plus a second head for erasing, the Nakamichi , like the better reel-to-reel recorders, used three separate heads to optimize these functions. Other contenders for the highest "HiFi" quality on this medium were two companies already widely known for their excellent quality reel-to-reel tape recorders: Tandberg and Revox consumer brand of the Swiss professional Studer company for studio equipment.
Tandberg started with combi-head machines, such as the TCD , and continued with the TCD 3x0 series with separate playback and recording heads. All TCD-models possessed dual-capstan drives, belt-driven from a single capstan motor and two separate reel motors.
After a disastrous overinvestment in colour television production, Tandberg folded and revived without the HiFi-branch these came from.
Both cassette units possessed double capstan drives, but with two independent, electronically controlled capstan motors and two separate reel motors. The head assembly moved by actuating a damped solenoid movement, eliminating all belt drives and other wearable parts. These machines rivaled the Nakamichi in frequency and dynamic range. A last step taken by Revox produced even more-advanced cassette drives with electronic fine tuning of bias and equalization during recording.
Revox also produced amplifiers, a very expensive FM tuner, and a pickup with a special parallel-arm mechanism of their own design. After releasing that product, Studer encountered financial difficulties. It had to save itself by folding its Revox-branch and all its consumer products except their last reel-to-reel recorder, the B While some [ who?
Technically, both camps in this debate were still within the original cassette specification as no tolerance for frequency response is provided above HX Pro was adopted by many other high-end manufacturers. As they became aimed at more casual users, fewer decks had microphone inputs. Dual decks became popular and incorporated into home entertainment systems of all sizes for tape dubbing.
Although the quality would suffer each time a source was copied, there are no mechanical restrictions on copying from a record, radio, or another cassette source. Even as CD recorders are becoming more popular, some incorporate cassette decks for professional applications. Another format that made an impact on culture in the s was the radio-cassette, aka the " boom box " a name used commonly only in English-speaking North America , which combined the portable cassette deck with a radio tuner and speakers capable of producing significant sound levels.
These devices became synonymous with urban youth culture in entertainment, which led to the somewhat derisive nickname "ghetto blaster. This also led to such cultural practises as breakdancing. Applications for car stereos varied widely. Auto manufacturers in the U. In the s and s, as the cost of building CD players declined, many manufacturers offered a CD player. The CD player eventually supplanted the cassette deck as standard equipment, but some cars, especially those targeted at older drivers, were offered with the option of a cassette player, either by itself or sometimes in combination with a CD slot.
Most new cars can still accommodate aftermarket cassette players, and the auxiliary jack advertised for MP3 players can be used also with portable cassette players, but was the first model year for which no manufacturer offered factory-installed cassette players.
Although the cassettes themselves were relatively durable, the players required regular maintenance to perform properly. Head cleaning may be done with long swabs, soaked with isopropyl alcohol , or cassette-shaped devices that could be inserted into a tape deck to remove buildup of iron-oxide from the heads , tape-drive capstan, and pinch-roller. Some otherwise normal recording tapes included sections of leader that could clean the tape heads.
One of the concerns of the time however was the use of abrasive cleaning tape. Some of the cleaning tapes actually felt rough to the touch and were considered damaging to the heads. Similarly shaped demagnetizers used magnets to degauss the deck, which kept sound from becoming distorted see Cassette demagnetizer. The Compact Cassette originally was intended for use in dictation machines. The cassette soon became a popular medium for distributing prerecorded music—initially through The Philips Record Company and subsidiary labels Mercury and Philips in the U.
As of , one still finds cassettes used for a variety of purposes, such as journalism , oral history, meeting and interview transcripts, audio-books, and so on. Police are still big buyers of cassette tapes, as some lawyers "don't trust digital technology for interviews".
Prerecorded cassettes were also employed as a way of providing chemotherapy information to recently diagnosed cancer patients as studies found anxiety and fear often gets in the way of the information processing.
The cassette quickly found use in the commercial music industry. WITCH, you may also like:. Darkness Rains by Death Valley Girls. Floating Features by La Luz. One of the few album's I can listen to on repeat for hours. Mean Green 7" by Heaters. Fuzz-smeared carefree garage rock with a summer road trip vibe.
Orange and blue cassettes if you're quick. Explore music. Octubre by L. Not Me. The Complete Beatles Chronicle. London: Pimlico Random House. Many Years From Now. Vintage - Random House. The Beatles Music Revolutionaries. Twenty-First Century Books. Fab Four FAQ 2. Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books. New York: St.
Martin's Press. Spizer, Bruce The Beatles Solo on Apple Records. New Orleans, LA: Productions. Meet the Beatles. A Hard Day's Write. The Words and Music of John Lennon. Greenwood Publishing Group. The Beatles on Record. Abbey Road. Rubber Soul Revolver Sgt. The Beatles album discography. Albums in the core catalogue are marked in bold. The Beatles Meet the Beatles! Naked Love Live at the Hollywood Bowl. The Singles Collection Box.
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German Albums Offizielle Top . Norwegian Albums VG-lista . Portuguese Albums AFP . Scottish Albums OCC . This is a considerable feat if we consider how bleak the exercise of collectively looking back without overfantasising has become. Say and do what you really feel, even if nobody agrees with your ideas. These are feelings that have stopped me in the past.
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Brent Raudenbush.The discography of Death consists of seven studio albums and four live ineareminusra.planbagerolnorevinnolisuvelrext.co was an American death metal band formed in The band's founder, Chuck Schuldiner, is considered "a pioneering force in death metal". The band ceased to exist after Schuldiner died of brain cancer in , though it remains an enduring death metal brand.